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National Development Plan the route to growth


NajibNajib: I believe these documents were drawn up based on manifestations and taking into consideration the views, wants, aspirations and needs of every level of Malaysian society. (Photo by The Edge)


PUTRAJAYA (June 9): Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak launched three major documents under the National Development Plan yesterday to chart a more dynamic, balanced and resilient development road map for the country.

The documents are the Third National Physical Plan (RFN3), Second National Urbanisation Policy (DPN2) and National Rural Physical Planning Policy (DPF Desa Negara).

Najib said the three documents for the National Development Plan (RPN) were very important as primary sources of reference for various agencies in drawing up national physical development plans that would be efficient and sustainable.


He said drawing up of the RPN was in line with the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP) to ensure balanced and fair development in every corner of the country, whether it is a rural or urban area.

“I believe these documents were drawn up based on manifestations and taking into consideration the views, wants, aspirations and needs of every level of Malaysian society,” he said at the launching of the three documents, here, yesterday.

Najib said the RFN, drawn up in 2015, was the highest-level planning document in the national physical development planning framework that translated the national strategic and sectoral policies into spatial and physical dimensions.

“The RFN makes Malaysia the first country in the world that has a spatial planning and development framework at the national level,” he said.

With regard to the DPN, he said it was a policy that was prepared in 2016 with the period for the plan stretching until 2025.

“The DFN is a policy that steers and coordinates urban development planning and administration to make it more efficient and systematic with the emphasis on balanced social, economic and physical development ,” he said.

On the third document, the DPF Desa Negara, Najib said it was the first rural development policy in Malaysia to be in spatial form, aimed at holistic planning for rural development and to complement the DPN.


Najib said by 2020, the urbanisation rate in Malaysia was expected to reach 77%, rising to 85% by 2040, which would see a marked increase in urban population.

“Surely this will put pressure on the capacity of the infrastructure facilities and utilities, social amenities, housing, services and the need for food.”

He said the rural population was expected to decline to 23% by 2020 and stand at only 15% by 2040.

“This necessitates [a] surge in rural economic competitiveness, particularly to attract high-value investments and to create a value chain of balanced economic activities between the urban and rural areas,” said Najib, adding that this matter would be addressed in preparing the National Development Plan.

On another aspect, the prime minister said Malaysia, which would have an ageing population by 2040 with almost 20% of its people aged 60 years and above, from only 9.24% in 2015, would need to provide more senior citizen-friendly facilities and infrastructure.

“I’ve been informed that the National Development Plan also takes into consideration the need to provide comprehensive, integrated and senior citizen-friendly services, besides multi-generational housing so that the elderly can live close by or together with their children,” he said.

Najib said in the run-up to 2050, the government would strive hard to achieve three targets, namely, strong, balanced and resilient economic growth; making Malaysia a liveable nation with urbanisation not exceeding 85%; and a nation with low carbon emissions.

source : The Edge Malaysia